Information and facts on different Irish Counties, Cities and Towns. See how the Island of Ireland has changed over the centuries, originally one country known as Ireland, it is now two countries known as the Republic of Ireland (or Eire in Gaelic) and Northern Ireland which is one of the four countries which make up the United Kingdom. Both countries have their own laws, governments and even currency. The Island is made up of four provinces; Ulster, Leinster, Connaught and Munster and 32 individual counties. There are 6 counties in the North and 26 in the Republic.
Ireland - History
The country of Ireland is split into two countries, known as the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Ireland is part of the British Isles, better known as the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland makes up one of the countries of the United Kingdom. The Republic of Ireland makes up five-sixths of the island of Ireland and the country's official constitutional name is Eire.
Southern Ireland Map - Historical Map 1660-1800
Check out our desktop site for a historical map showing how Ireland looked from the years 1660 to 1800. There are several lines added to the map showing the routes of important historical events that occurred during that period. They include:
Schomberg's March - This event began in 1689 when Frederick Schomberg who was the 1st Duke of Schomberg landed at Ballyholme Bay in County Down as leader of King William's army to take part in the Williamite–Jacobite War, known in Irish as 'Cogadh an Dá Rí' which translates to 'The War of the Two Kings' and refers to the war was between Catholic King James II and Protestant King William of Orange to decide who would become King of England, Scotland and Ireland. Schomberg's campaign was a slow one, his path was blocked by Tyrconnell who was the leader of the Jacobite army (King James II). Thousands of soldiers were lost to disease and not through battle as both armies camped through harsh winter weather and lack of food.
William's March - William III of England was also known as Prince of Orange and is probably best known as 'King Billy'. Protestant William was victorious over Catholic James in the Battle of The Boyne, an iconic event in Irish history which took place on the 1st July 1690. The Battle of The Boyne is commemorated every year on the 12th July by Protestants who march to celebrate the victory of Protestant King Billy over the Catholics.
The Battle of the Boyne is a hugely symbolic event in the history of Ireland and Britain and is often referred to as simply 'The Twelfth'. Even today celebrations held by the protestant Orange orders causes controversy with the Catholics.
Ginkel's March - Godard de Ginkell was the leader of the Williamite army who fought against the Jacobites (led by Marquis de St Ruth) in the Battle of Aughrim (July 1691). The Battle of Aughrim was the last and decisive battle of the Williamite War in Ireland. It was fought between the Jacobites and the forces of William III in Aughrim in County Galway. It ended the period of Jacobitism in Ireland. (Jacobitism was a political movement in United Kingdom and Ireland, their aim was to restore the James II of England who was the Stuart King to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Jacobitism took its name from Jacobus, which is the Latin form of James.)
Humberts March - This event occurred in 1798 and was part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, an uprising against British rule in Ireland. The rebellion lasted from May to September 1798.
In August 1798, about 1,000 French soldiers under General Jean Humbert landed at Kilcummin in County Mayo. Joined by up to 5,000 local rebels, they had some success against the English, at the Battle of Castlebar in County Mayo and the Battle of Collooney in County Sligo and even set up a "Republic of Connaught" for a short tine.
These battles are commonly known to the people in the West of Ireland as 'Bliain na bhFrancach' which translates as "The Year of the French". The commander for the French army was Jean Humbert and the map shows the route taken by the French army.